The Turkish Parliament approved three controversial constitutional amendments that will expand the powers of the President of the country Recep Tayyip Erdogan.
It is reported «European true» with reference to the Hurriyet Daily News.
«Turkish parliamentarians have discussed issues relating to duties and powers of the President, the prerequisites for presidential candidates and restrictions on the ability of Parliament to exercise control», — reports the edition.
Three articles approved in the night from 12 to 13 January, establish oversight role of the Parliament and allow the President to maintain relations with a political party and konkretisiert the powers of the President as head of state, including his right to issue decrees.
In particular, it was assumed that all of the Executive power, which now belongs to the Prime Minister and Cabinet, will now be transmitted to the President.
The President will have the authority to make laws and return them to the Parliament for consideration.
Note that Erdogan and his supporters argue that Turkey needs to strengthen the institution of the presidency to prevent the return of a fragile coalition government, but opponents fear that reform will promote authoritarianism.
Recall, the Turkish Parliament voted to hold a debate on constitutional reform, which will expand the powers of President Recep Tayyip Erdogan.
The debate on individual articles began on Tuesday, January 10, and the AKP is planning to complete them by January 24. During the debate are discussed separately 18 articles of the reform. Also separately pass a vote for each article.
Recently in the Turkish Parliament deputies staged a fight during a debate over the constitutional changes.
We will remind, last winter, the President of Turkey Recep Tayyip Erdogan has said the parliamentary form of government in Turkey is obsolete, so there is a need of transition to a presidential system. «It is not a matter of my personal ambitions,» he said and added that if the presidential system is the right choice for the future of Turkey, it must be put into practice, however the final decision will be made by the people.
Turkey is a parliamentary Republic. The Parliament of the Turkish Republic, the highest unicameral legislative body, often referred to simply as the Majlis, was organized in Ankara on 23 April 1920 during the Greco-Turkish war. The Majlis was convened in April 1920 with a view to the adoption of the Turkish Constitution, which was done in January 1921.
550 members of Parliament are elected for four-year term in the General elections on proportional party lists, and 85 electoral districts. Represented in Parliament only the party with more than 10% of the votes.
Turkey approved the main articles of the constitutional reform: all of the Executive power is the President 13.01.2017