The US and Russia remain the largest exporters of arms — SIPRI

The Stockholm international Institute of peace studies (SIPRI) presented a progress report on the global arms trade. It notes that the largest exporters in this area remains the United States and Russia, writes NEWSru.com.

The U.S. remains leader in global arms trade
The biggest importers of arms

Since 2004, the volume of the arms trade has constantly increased and for the period of 2011-2015 in comparison with the previous five years has increased by 14%, the report said. In 2011-2015 the major exporters were the USA, Russia, China, France and Germany. These countries account for 74% of total sales in this area.

Russia in 2011-2015 compared with 2006-2010 years increased its arms exports by 28%, while its share in the global arms trade over the last five years was 25%. At the same time in 2014 and 2015 the sales volume declined slightly, returning to the level from 2006 to 2010.

According to the report, in 2011-2015 Russia supplied weapons in 50 countries. The main buyers of Russian products are India (39%), China and Vietnam (11% respectively). Regionally, in the export structure was dominated by Asia and Oceania, whose share in 2011-2015 collectively accounted for 68% of total supply. Africa’s share was 11%, the Middle East is 8.2%, and Europe is 6.4%.

European sales have increased by 264%, primarily due to the deliveries to Azerbaijan, which in the analyzed period accounted for 4.9% of the total export volume. In the previous period, 2006-2010, this figure was only 0.7%.

The U.S. remains leader in global arms trade

The US accounts for 33% of total military exports. For the period 2011-2015 delivery to other countries increased compared to the 2006-2010 years by 27%. According to the Director of weapons Programs and military expenditures SIPRI Ode of Florana, quoted by TASS as regional conflicts and tensions continue to mount, the US remains leader in global arms trade with a serious margin. In the last five years, America has sold or donated the main types of arms 96 States and its defense industry has a large backlog of orders, which includes delivery of nine States 611 fighter-bombers F-35, said the expert.

In 2011-2015 the military export China showed in comparison with 2006-2010 years, the growth in 88% and surpassed the volume of exports of France, which declined by 9.8%. At the same time last year, the country signed a number of major military contracts, including two confirmed to supply Rafale multi-role fighters. In Germany military exports in the same period decreased by half.

The biggest importers of arms

Six of the 10 largest importers of arms representing Asia and Oceania: India (14% of total military imports), China (4.7 per cent), Australia (3.6 per cent), Pakistan (3.3 percent), Vietnam (2.9%) and South Korea (2.6 per cent). While Vietnamese imports showed a record growth of 699%. In General, purchases of Asia and Oceania increased in 2011-2015 26%, while the countries of the region in the specified range accounted for 46% of global arms imports.

In Africa between the years 2006-2010 and 2011-2015 years, arms imports have increased by 19%. The largest customers are Algeria and Morocco. They accounted for 56% of total African imports.

Due to economic difficulties, the procurement of most of the countries of Black Africa had in 2011-2015 small amounts, despite the fact that many of them were involved during this period in armed conflict. Mexico has increased its military imports by 331% compared to 2006-2010 years, and Azerbaijan in the same interval is at 217%. It is noteworthy that the procurement of armaments of the European countries in the interval 2006-2010 and 2011-2015 decreased by 41%.

The arms imports of countries in Europe decreased by 41% in the period 2006-10, 2011-15, and is currently the region accounts for 11% of total world imports of arms. The fall is partly due to economic pressure on States such as Greece and Spain, significantly reduce arms purchases. However, Azerbaijan, which SIPRI refers to Europe, significantly increased its purchases, increasing to 217% for the period 2006-10 and 2011-15.

The authors of the report note the growing number of countries, for which the submarines were an important component of the Navy. In the analyzed period, eight States acquired from foreign manufacturers 16 submarines.

In the middle East the growth of military purchases in the analyzed period were observed in 61%. In 2011-2015 Saudi Arabia ranked second among world importers of weapons. Compared to the period 2006-2010 the supply from foreign producers has increased by 275%. In neighbouring UAE, the growth rate was 35%, while Qatar — 279%. Egypt has increased imports by 37%, primarily due to a steep increase in 2015. the Supply of arms to Iraq in 2011-2015 has increased in comparison with 2006-2010 years by 83%.

Stratfor has previously said that Russia may lose its impressive share of the Indian arms market. This is the conclusion of American analysts of the private analytical and intelligence Agency Stratfor, which the press often called the «shadow CIA». Experts said in his report that the part of the Russian-Indian deals is on the verge of collapse. According to experts, Russia is rapidly losing its dominant position on the Indian arms market.




The US and Russia remain the largest exporters of arms — SIPRI 22.02.2016

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