At the meeting of the Third Committee of the General Assembly of the United Nations that focuses on human rights, supported the resolution on human rights violations in Crimea, the Russian occupation authorities, the consideration of which was initiated by Ukraine.
The sponsors of the draft resolution were 41 member country of the UN.
A resolution «Situation of human rights in the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and city of Sevastopol (Ukraine)» was supported by 73 countries of the UN.
Also in the document review 76 countries abstained. 23 countries voted against: Angola, Armenia, Belarus, Bolivia, Burundi, Cambodia, China, Cuba, Komoroski Islands, North Korea, Kazakhstan, India, Iran, Russia, Nicaragua, Serbia, South Africa, Sudan, Syria, Uzbekistan, Venezuela, Eritrea, Zimbabwe.
The adoption of the resolution the General Assembly condemned human rights abuses, discriminatory measures and practices against the inhabitants of the temporarily occupied Crimea, including the Crimean Tatars, but also Ukrainians and persons belonging to other ethnic and religious groups by the Russian occupation authorities.
The General Assembly urged the Russian Federation to fulfill all obligations in accordance with applicable rules of international law as the occupying power.
According to the document, Russia must take all necessary measures to put an immediate end to all human rights violations against the inhabitants of Crimea, to cease its discriminatory measures and practices, arbitrary detention, torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, and to revoke all discriminatory legislation.
The UN called on Russia to immediately release Ukrainian citizens who were unlawfully detained and convicted without considering the elementary rules of justice, as well as those who were transferred via the internationally recognized borders from the Crimea to the Russian Federation.
It should also address the issue of impunity and ensure that those found guilty of human rights violations were brought to justice in an independent court.
The resolution notes the need to create and support a safe and enabling environment for journalists and human rights defenders so that they could carry out their work in the Crimea independently and without undue interference. The General Assembly urged Russia to allow the re-opened cultural and religious institutions.
At the same time Russia should immediately cancel the decision to declare the Mejlis of the Crimean Tatar people by the extremist organization and ban its activities, and to revoke the decision banning leaders of the Majlis of entry on the territory of Crimea.
The General Assembly urged the Russian Federation to begin immediately to cooperate fully with the Office of the high Commissioner for human rights, Organization for security and cooperation in Europe (OSCE) and the Council of Europe on the situation of human rights in Crimea.
However, the resolution States that the General Assembly «urges the Russian Federation to ensure proper and unimpeded access of international missions to monitor the situation of human rights and human rights non-governmental organizations in the Crimea, recognizing that the international presence in Crimea is of paramount importance to prevent further deterioration of the situation».
Members of the United Nations request the Office of the UN high Commissioner for human rights to prepare a thematic report on the situation of human rights in the temporarily occupied Crimea and Sevastopol in accordance with the existing mandate and within existing resources of the mission for monitoring the situation of human rights in Ukraine, which is currently financed by voluntary contributions.
On the eve the Deputy foreign Minister Sergey Kyslytsya announced that the representatives of the Republic of Belarus to the United Nations tried to stop the consideration of all resolutions in the third Committee of the UN General Assembly, which focuses on human rights, where today will consider a resolution on Crimea.
Note, in the annual report of a preliminary investigation prepared by the Prosecutor of the International criminal court in the Hague, Fatou Bensouda, and published on 14 November, said that the situation on the territory of Crimea and Sevastopol, equivalent to the international armed conflict between Ukraine and Russia.
«The international armed conflict began no later than February 26, when the Russian Federation has mobilized the personnel of their Armed forces to gain control over parts of Ukraine without the consent of the government of Ukraine», – stated in the document.
«Law of international armed conflict applies after March 18, 2014 to the extent where the situation in Crimea and Sevastopol would be tantamount to a continuing state of occupation,» – said the Prosecutor of the Hague Tribunal.
The UN supported the resolution on the violations of rights of Russian invaders in Crimea 16.11.2016