The Turkish Parliament by a majority of votes approved a package of amendments to the Constitution, implying a transition to the presidential form of government and extending the period during which President Recep Tayyip Erdogan may return to power until 2029.
According to Reuters, the law was approved by only 9 votes.
The opposition drew attention to the fact that the law almost completely eliminates the system of checks and balances, giving Erdogan’s enormous powers and eliminating the post of Prime Minister. Parliamentary approval means that soon the changes will be put to a national referendum.
Voting took place in the night of Saturday, January 21. The adoption of the law, consisting of 18 articles, voted by 339 MPs with the 330 required for a positive outcome. «I thank the deputies for the work done, now the word of the people,» he said, referring to the parliamentarians, the Prime Minister of Turkey Binali Yildirim.
It is expected that Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan in the coming days will sign the law, after which he will be put to a referendum within 60 days after the publication of the text of the law in the official Gazette.
The draft amendments to the basic law envisages the introduction of a Turkish presidential system of government is parliamentary, existing since the founding of the Turkish Republic in 1923. The amendments significantly enhance the powers of the President. In particular, he has the right to issue decrees and appoint Ministers, the Prime Minister abolished altogether. The head of state may not terminate membership in the party, as provided by the current norm.
The number of allowable presidential terms will remain the same — two, but the countdown will begin in November 2019, when should the next presidential elections, says DW.
Reuters reminds that in 2014, when Erdogan left the position of Prime Minister and became President of the country, the position was largely ceremonial. However, Erdogan began to use personal popularity to build a new system of government. Another round of strengthening the powers of the President and the security forces occurred after the failed coup attempt in the summer of 2016, and then in Turkey were detained or fired tens of thousands of troops.
For making constitutional amendments to a referendum was necessary to get the support 330 of the 550 members of Parliament. It is reported that the new project was supported by MPs from the ruling party AKP and national movement Party (they only take in the amount of 355 seats). The opposition party, the center — left Republican people’s party (CHP) and the Pro-Kurdish Party democracy peoples opposed.
As reported recently the Turkish Parliament approved three controversial constitutional amendments that will expand the powers of President Recep Tayyip Erdogan. Three articles approved in the night from 12 to 13 January, establish oversight role of the Parliament and allow the President to maintain relations with a political party and konkretisiert the powers of the President as head of state, including his right to issue decrees. In particular, it was assumed that all of the Executive power, which now belongs to the Prime Minister and Cabinet, will now be transmitted to the President. The President will have the authority to make laws and return them to the Parliament for consideration.
The Turkish Parliament gave Erdogan’s unlimited powers 21.01.2017