The President of Moldova Igor Dodon in favor of granting a special status for the unrecognized Transnistria. About this he announced on his page in Facebook after talks with OSCE Chairman Sebastian Kurtz.
«The Transnistrian conflict settlement process must culminate in the reintegration of Moldova and Transnistria with a special status of the latter within the country,» he said.
He also expressed the hope that Kurtz will have an impact on the development of the negotiation process on Transnistrian conflict settlement.
Earlier, Igor Dodon said that Moldova should not be and eventually there will be no foreign troops. Regarding a political solution to the Transnistrian conflict, the head of Moldova underlined that the final decision will be taken by the people.
«In the discussions we will come up with an acceptable solution, and to leave him to the people, ask him through a referendum. Say Yes — well, no — no. The last word is for citizens of Moldova», said Dodon.
In addition, the Prime Minister of Moldova, Paul Philip added that the Republic of Moldova concerned by the continued illegal presence on the territory of the Transnistrian region of Russian troops and weapons and insist on its replacement civilian mission under the auspices of international organizations, reports «UKRINFORM».
«We are concerned about the illegal presence on the territory of the Transnistrian region of Moldova of Russian troops and weapons and insist not only on their unconditional withdrawal from the territory of our country, but also on the replacement of Russian peacekeepers in the security Zone on the Dniester civil mission of international observers under the auspices of international organizations», — said the Moldovan Premier.
The head of government expressed hope that in 2017, the negotiations on the Transnistrian settlement in the format «5+2» will discuss the issue of granting Transnistria a special status within a unified Moldovan state. The Prime Minister also categorically opposed the idea of federalization of the country.
Recall that shortly before the collapse of the Soviet Union, September 2, 1990, five located on the left Bank of the Dniester regions of Moldova announced the creation of the Transnistrian Union Republic within the USSR, and then — independent Transnistrian Moldovan Republic with the centre in Tiraspol. The reason for this step was the statement of the Moldovan national-democratic forces in Chisinau on Moldova’s withdrawal from the USSR and possibility of its reunification with Romania.
The Moldovan authorities tried to resolve the conflict, troops in the unrecognized Republic. In 1992, Transnistria began the armed conflict that lasted several months. In the result, Transnistria has become a territory not controlled by Chisinau.
In the conflict zone based joint peacekeeping force consisting of Russian, Moldavian and Dnestr contingents and military observers from Ukraine. International recognition of the Tiraspol received.
Now Moldova offers Transnistrians autonomy within a unified state.
Russian troops in Transnistria as peacekeepers since 1992. In the period when the authorities in Moldova were the Communists, the expulsion of Russian troops have repeatedly demanded as representatives of the country’s leadership and the opposition. As one of the main arguments in this case cited enshrined in the Constitution of the neutral status of Moldova, which prohibits it to place on its territory (that is, in the Transnistrian region) troops of other countries.
Russia officially recognized the independence of Transnistria. At the same time in the region, despite the protests of Chisinau, Russian forces remain. Russia also provides the unrecognized Republic economic assistance. Due to this, in particular, are paid allowances to the Transnistrian pensioners. In the 2006 referendum, the vast majority of the region’s residents were in favor of independence and subsequent accession to the Russian Federation.
The President of Moldova wants to provide Transnistria with a special status 04.02.2017