The European Parliament today, 4 February 2016, adopted a resolution on Crimea, which called on Russia to start negotiations with Ukraine and other parties on the issue of de-occupation of Crimea. For the corresponding document «the Situation with human rights in Crimea, in particular Crimean Tatars» voted 472 MEP, against 79, abstentions 33.
«(European Parliament — ed.) welcomed Ukrainian initiative to establish an international negotiating mechanism to restore Ukrainian sovereignty in the Crimea in the format of «Geneva+», which must include direct interaction with the EU; calls on Russia to start negotiations with Ukraine and other parties on the issue of de-occupation of Crimea, to relieve trade and energy embargo to lift the state of emergency in the Crimea», — stated in the resolution.
In its resolution MEPs once again expressed their strong commitment to the sovereignty and territorial integrity of Ukraine within its internationally recognized borders.
«It is also emphasized that the restoration of the Ukrainian control over the Peninsula is one of the preconditions for the resumption of cooperation with the Russian Federation, including the suspension of existing sanctions,» the document says.
The European Parliament also expresses its support for the decision by the EU to ban the import of goods and services from Crimea unless they are accompanied by a certificate of origin from the Ukrainian authorities, and to restrict the export of certain goods and technology, investment, trade and services in the Crimea.
While the EP urges the EU Council to maintain the sanctions until the completion of the full reintegration of Crimea into the Ukrainian legislation.
Also the European Parliament in its resolution «condemns the militarization of the Crimean Peninsula, which has a significant negative impact on the economic and social life, as well as the threat by Russia to place nuclear weapons in Crimea, which constitutes a significant threat to regional, European and global security; reiterates its call for the withdrawal of all Russian troops from the Crimea and Eastern Ukraine».
At the same time in its resolution, the European Parliament strongly condemned «the unprecedented level of human rights violations from the Russian and the so-called Crimean authorities against the population of Crimea, in particular Crimean Tatars.
As examples of such violations are mentioned in the document «severe restrictions of freedom of expression and peaceful Assembly, including traditional celebrations such as the anniversary of the deportation of Crimean Tatars by Stalin’s totalitarian regime of the Soviet Union and cultural events of the Crimean Tatars».
Also expressed concern about violations of property rights of the local population, intimidation and imprisonment, the denial of their civil, political and cultural rights; the necessity of re-registration of mass media and civil organizations.
The European Parliament calls for respect of the Mejlis as a legitimate representative of the Crimean Tatar community and to avoid any persecution of its members, in particular, Mustafa Dzhemilev, Refat Chubarov and Akhtem Chigusa.
In this regard, the European Parliament calls directly between the Russian and de facto local authorities to carry out effective, impartial and transparent investigation into all cases of disappearances, torture and human rights violations by the police and paramilitary forces active in the Crimean Peninsula since February 2014; requires the release of convicted Russian authorities Oleg Sentsov and Alexander Kolchenko.
In addition, the European Parliament «expresses its deep concern about the situation of LGBT people in Crimea, which has deteriorated significantly after the Russian annexation, and repressive actions and threats from so-called authorities and armed groups (in their relationship — ed.)».
In its resolution MEPs called Russia’s «occupation authorities» and recalled that in such situation the Russian Federation is obliged to ensure the safety of the population and observance of human, cultural and religious rights of the indigenous Tatars and other peoples of Crimea, as well as to maintain law and order in Crimea.
The European Parliament notes that representatives of the OSCE, UN and Council of Europe were fully or partially denied access to the Crimean Peninsula, which seemed difficult to monitor the situation with human rights in Crimea. In this regard, call upon Russia to ensure unhindered access for international experts and humanitarian organizations on the Peninsula. At the same time, MEPs welcomed the recent visit to the urgent missions of the Council of Europe to Crimea, which assessed the situation with human rights on the Peninsula.
The European Parliament urged the Russian Federation to start negotiations with Ukraine on the de — occupation of Crimea, the resolution 04.02.2016