The European Commission has started the procedure of bringing to responsibility of Poland for violation of the legislation of the EU for judicial reforms. This is stated in the report of the European Commission, published on the website on July 29.
Poland officially given a month to respond to the comments of Brussels.
The decision on sanctions procedure against Warsaw, the European Commission took over the publication in Poland of the law on courts of General jurisdiction on July 28.
«The main legal concern of the Commission concerning the law on the organization of courts, and discrimination on the basis of gender due to the introduction of different retirement age for women judges (60 years) and male judges (65 years). This is contrary to article 157 of the Treaty on the functioning of the European Union (TFEU) and Directive 2006/54 on gender equality in employment», – stated in the message.
The EU is also concerned about the powers of the Minister of justice of Poland, to renew the mandate of the judges who have reached retirement age, and to dismiss and to appoint presidents of courts.
Earlier, Vice-President of the Commission Frans Timmermans said that if the recommendations of the European Commission in respect of judicial reforms in Poland are not met, the EU immediately activates the procedure of article 7 of the Treaty on European Union, which envisages imposition of a disciplinary punishment.
On 22 July, the Polish Senate adopted without amendment a bill to reform the Supreme court, initiated by the ruling party «law and justice», after which the country began mass protests.
Three former President of Poland – Lech Walesa, Aleksander Kwasniewski and Komorowski – in an open letter said that the initiative of the party «law and justice» could lead to dictatorship.
Vice-President of the European Commission Frans Timmermans said that the European Commission may deprive Poland of the right to vote for an unbalanced judicial reform. According to him, the bills are a threat to the rule of law.
On 24 July the President of Poland Andrzej Duda announced that he would veto the laws that were criticized by the European Commission and led to mass protests in the country.
However, on 25 July he signed one of the three laws adopted by the Polish Parliament in the framework of judicial reform.
The European Commission launched a sanctions procedure against Poland for judicial reform 29.07.2017