The first President of Ukraine Leonid Kravchuk believes that it is necessary to initiate the creation of a new international format for the return of Ukraine’s Crimea and Donbas. He said this in broadcast of political talk show «Shuster Live» on Friday evening, reports «Interfax-Ukraine».
«I propose to launch an initiative to create a new international mechanism for the liberation of the occupied Donbas and Crimea back. President Poroshenko started this process, called «Geneva+». But this is only the beginning. It should be a public organization, civil society, we all must act,» — said Kravchuk.
According to him, «the Minsk negotiations played a role, when I had to put Putin to the table, not a large-scale aggression, and as a document that allows you to apply to Russia sanctions», but nothing in the agreements are not met.
The representative of Ukraine in the political subgroup of the Trilateral contact group Roman Bezsmertny has agreed that to initiate such proposals and to work.
«I stop here only that the political calendar of the world today makes us somewhere around a year and a half to find strength and to control this situation. After a year in the U.S. elections, elections in Germany, elections in France and, obviously, this will entail new formats, new coordinate systems, new security system. And from my point of view, what you (Kravchuk) you say, you need to prepare, to find arguments, to work out the documents. It’s not mutually exclusive processes,» he said.
The Ambassador of Lithuania in Ukraine Marius Yanukonis said that his country is ready to support all constructive diplomatic initiatives of Ukraine and also need to work with allies within the EU, with other countries, with the United States.
Anyones emphasized that Lithuania has always maintained the position that it is first necessary to ensure the safety, and then already to speak about the constitutional process.
Recall, December 30, 2015 held telephone talks the leaders of «Norman Quartet» (Ukraine, Russia, Germany and France). The parties agreed on the extension of the Minsk agreements .
The representative of Ukraine in the tripartite contact group on settlement of the conflict in Ukraine Roman Bezsmertny said that as of 1 January 2016 has begun «the process of the Minsk-3».
January 11, flew to Kiev a Russian representative to the Minsk talks, former speaker of the state Duma Boris Gryzlov. According to media reports, he held a secret meeting with President of Ukraine Petro Poroshenko.
On 13 January the President of Ukraine has held a phone conversation with Federal Chancellor of Germany Angela Merkel and President of France Francois Hollande. Among other things, they raised the issue of the modalities for the elections in the occupied Donbas.
On the same day, US presidents and Russia Barack Obama and Vladimir Putin also discussed the issue.
January 15, the U.S. assistant Secretary of state for Europe and Eurasia , Victoria Nuland, arrived from Lithuania to Kaliningrad region of the Russian Federation, where she met with Russian presidential aide Vladislav Surkov. The consultations were held behind closed doors. After negotiations, the parties have refrained from comments.
On 18 January, the representatives of the German Chancellor and the French President visited Kiev. Also they had to negotiate in Moscow.
1 February, Poroshenko and Merkel in Berlin agreed on the implementation of the Minsk agreements. The Chancellor said that sanctions against Russia will be saved, while Russia does not fulfill Minsky arrangements.
February 2, Merkel held a telephone conversation with Putin and urged him to influence the occupation of Donbass.
Note, the sanctions and low oil prices threaten Russia’s default. Many experts believe that for the sake of the economy, the Kremlin will replace aggressive with «reconciliatory» policies and can leave the occupied Donbass.
Meanwhile, Russia is trying to achieve for the occupied areas of Donbas «special status» to the Ukrainian Constitution, but official Kiev refuses to take such a step.
Kravchuk: the Minsk format of negotiations has exhausted itself 13.02.2016