Russia has violated the commitments assumed according to the Budapest Memorandum. This was stated by Minister of foreign Affairs of Ukraine Pavlo Klimkin, speaking at a meeting of the UN Security Council on Friday, said the permanent mission of Ukraine to the UN.
Klimkin said that 23 years have passed since the signing of the Budapest Memorandum.
«The obligations set out in this document, was viciously violated by Russia. In my country were rewarded with the violation of its borders in defiance of the norms and principles of international law… What is the message sent by these actions to other non-nuclear States? For us the message is quite clear: the obligations of the Russian Federation mean nothing. They cost less than the ink that’s used for signing,» – said Klimkin.
He noted that because of Russian aggression Ukraine can’t control two stores and more than 1.2 thousand radioactive sources in the Crimea.
«When we talk about the importance of preserving and strengthening the nuclear non-proliferation regime, we should also keep in mind that the occupation of the territory of Ukraine nuclear country led to the actual expansion of the geography of the deployment of nuclear weapons,» – said Klimkin.
Budapest Memorandum was signed on 5 December 1994. According to the document, the signatory countries – the UK, Russia and the United States – pledged to be the guarantors of the independence, sovereignty and borders of Ukraine and to refrain from using against Ukraine any weapons, not just nuclear. In addition, the signatories promised to provide to Kiev of economic pressure. In exchange Ukraine gave up its nuclear status.
Under the Memorandum was signed by the then President of Ukraine Leonid Kuchma, Russian President Boris Yeltsin, U.S. President bill Clinton and British Prime Minister John major.
Russia annexed Crimea after the illegal referendum on 16 March 2014. The annexation of Crimea by Russia is not recognised by Ukraine and most countries of the world. In the moment between mainland Ukraine and the Crimea there is an access control regime, and Kiev de facto controls the Peninsula.
Immediately after the annexation of Crimea, armed conflict began in Eastern Ukraine, it is still ongoing. Fighting underway between the Armed forces of Ukraine and Russian-backed militants, who control part of the Donetsk and Luhansk regions.
Klimkin at the UN security Council: Russia treacherously violated the Budapest Memorandum. Its liabilities are worth less ink that they were signed 16.12.2017