The NATO summit in Warsaw on 8-9 July will be a «breakthrough», writes the media. The European members of the Alliance for the first time in 10 years, increasing defense spending for fear of «Russian aggression and migration crisis». Secretary General Stoltenberg said that the UK is important to stay «in the strong Europe». The Los Angeles Times published an article «Russia has a point: the US broke the promise by NATO».
This year, the European member States of NATO for the first time in nearly 10 years will increase defense spending, reports The Financial Times. «Fears of Russian aggression and the migration crisis in the Mediterranean sea Stoke fears about security on the continent,» explains journalist Sam Jones.
Meanwhile, in an interview with the FT, the NATO Secretary General Mr Stoltenberg warned that the increase could be jeopardized if the British vote for withdrawal from the EU. NATO countries now need unity, strength and stability «of the European countries the UK provides the most opportunities for the defense.» «It is important that a strong Britain was part of a strong Europe,» he said.
Both NATO and the EU, according to Stoltenberg, it is extremely important for our reactions to the instability with which we are faced in the East and in the South».
The author of the article notes that NATO has not yet revealed exact statistics on defence spending in 2016, but it is known that Latvia has increased almost 60%, Lithuania — 35%, Estonia and Poland — 9%. Britain promised to increase the defence budget to 2% of GDP.
NATO wants to increase its military presence on the Eastern borders of the Alliance, writes the Swiss newspaper Tagesanzeiger. As stated on Monday in Warsaw, NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg, «several battalions will be deployed in Poland, the Baltic States and others.»
The decision on the exact number and locations, he said, is still pending, but it will be done before the NATO summit in Warsaw. The summit will be held July 8-9, and, as they say in advance, will be «breakthrough», writes the correspondent.
Stoltenberg said that after the summit in Poland will be placed more troops in order to clearly signal: «the attack on Poland will be regarded as an attack on the entire Alliance.»
At the same time, the NATO parliamentary Assembly urged participating countries to be prepared for the potential threat of aggression from Russia. Monday in Albania held a meeting of this inter-parliamentary organization, which unanimously adopted a resolution condemning «Russia’s use of force against its neighbors and attempts to intimidate NATO allies».
«The challenge emanating from Russia, is real and serious», — says the Chairman of the NATO parliamentary Assembly , Michael Turner.
Moscow strengthens control over Crimea and annexed provokes NATO forces in the Baltic sea — «it would seem that this confirms the observations of Western analysts that Putin increasingly aggressive Russia intends to dominate neighbors and to intimidate Europe», writes expert on international security from Dartmouth College (USA) Joshua R. Itskovich, Siminson in an article for the Los Angeles Times.
Moscow authorities tell a very different story: they say that the US did not keep the promise that NATO would not expand into Eastern Europe, violating a deal made during negotiations in 1990 between the West and the Soviet Union regarding the unification of Germany. So Russia is forced to impede the March of NATO eastward in self-defense.
«The West categorically denies the fact of such a transaction. However, hundreds of memoranda, meeting minutes and transcripts from the archives of the United States indicate the opposite», — writes Siminson.
In early February 1990, the leadership of the US did the Soviets offer. According to transcripts of the negotiations in Moscow on 9 February, the then Secretary of state James Baker suggested that in exchange for cooperation on Germany’s «iron guarantee» by the US that NATO would not expand «one inch to the East». Less than a week Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev agreed to talks on reunification, writes the author.
«Therefore, there is nothing surprising in the fact that Russia went ballistic when since the mid-1990s, Poland, the Czech Republic, the Baltic States and other countries started to join NATO», — the expert believes. When NATO turned to look still further East, to Ukraine and Georgia, the protests grew into open aggression and «saber rattling».
At the upcoming NATO summit in Warsaw on the agenda will almost certainly be «deterring Russian adventurism», the strengthening of arms in Eastern Europe and strengthening ties with Ukraine and Georgia, which will only reinforce Russian version about the duplicity of the United States.
Siminson advises to remove the issue of NATO enlargement.
InoPressa. The confrontation between NATO and Russia in Eastern Europe 31.05.2016