The Syrian territory has become a place of conflict, confront each other, the great powers and the countries of the region. All scores are settled by the hands of the warring among themselves Syrians. Not surprisingly, the agreement reached in Munich, collapsed before its implementation, complain reviewers. Le Point examines «four wars in Syria,» FT and Bloomberg comment on the likelihood of intervention in Syria, Turkey and Saudi Arabia, which, according to the Kurds, could lead to «big war» with Russia.
The Syrian territory has become a place of conflict where each other are opposed by six countries, but the victims are just civilians, writes Mireille Dyutey in an article published in the newspaper Le Point.
The Syrian conflict is at a turning point. War is just a pretext for confrontation between the great powers and the countries of the region. All scores are settled by the hands of the warring among themselves Syrians. This war, according to the UN, has already resulted in the deaths of 250 thousand people, the newspaper writes, analyzing each of the four running in Syria proxy wars.
The first war the author considers the Russian military campaign in Syria. The goal of Putin is clear: to save the Syrian regime, to maintain its position in the middle East and base in the Eastern Mediterranean, change the position of Russia in the international arena after the Ukrainian conflict. «This Russian war, one step away from victory, illustrates the defeat of the Western countries, is disabled and paralyzed,» says the author. Syria allows Putin to take revenge for Ukraine and Libya.
The second war — the war of Ankara against the Kurds. In Syria, Erdogan has two goals: to overthrow Bashar al-Assad and conduct under the guise of fighting terrorism, the war against the Kurdish PKK. «Turkey is engaged in its own war in Syria. It stands for ground intervention and is ready to take part in it together with Saudi Arabia,» writes the author.
Blows to the Syrian Kurds of the PYD (party of Democratic Union), Turks, members of NATO, find themselves in a difficult position in relation to its American ally, which has been arming the Syrian Kurds and funding the fight against ISIL.
Third war — the war of Saudi Arabia against Iran. «Riyadh wants Assad’s removal to Syria was headed by the Sunni majority. That’s why the Saudis gave military and financial support to the opposition and the jihadi groups. But in recent months, Saudi Arabia began to fear ISIS and its extremist Salafist ideology and created an Islamic coalition against terrorism. In the last weekend the Saudis organized a large-scale maneuvers along with its allies in the North. The official goal is the training ground of military intervention that may be carried out in conjunction with Turkey. Simultaneously with maneuvers to Turkey at the base of «Incirlik» profits of the Saudi aircraft. All this is not like Iran», which is a longtime ally of the Syrian regime, writes the edition.
The fourth war can be a war of Russia against Turkey, says the author of the material. Between Putin and Erdogan, the two authoritarian personalities, there is a violent confrontation. Both sides are pursuing opposing objectives in Syria. Russia wants to demonstrate the muscles of the Turkey, which wasn’t impressed by this and continues to bomb the Kurds, which supports not only Washington, but also Moscow.
«There is nothing surprising in the fact that the agreement reached in Munich, collapsed even before its implementation has begun. According to the agreement, at the end of the week would enter into force a ceasefire. But it is no longer relevant. Unless, of course, everyone will not play with fire and come to their senses before it is too late», concludes the author.
«Turkey and Saudi Arabia have concerns about intervening in Syria» is the title of the article in the Financial Times. The US is trying to keep its allies Turkey and Saudi Arabia from the beginning of military action in Syria if the ceasefire scheduled for today, will be broken, journalists write Sam Jones, Erika Solomon and Jeff Dyer. Western powers fear conflict escalation and confrontation with Russia.
According to two Western diplomats, Turkey wants to build at its border buffer zone «deep few kilometers» to delay the expansion of the Kurdish militias in Syria. In this area will potentially be able to breathe freely and moderate Syrian rebels, which were pressing forces of Russia and Assad.
According to the Syrian opposition, several leaders of moderate rebels in recent days met with the military to develop plans for the potential deployment of the «Islamic coalition» in the North of Syria.
Turkey is unlikely to make a direct intervention without the consent of the United States. But she continues to ignore the insurgents to the fields of battle.
Saudi Arabia fears that is rapidly losing its influence on the course of the civil war in Syria and potential peace talks, because the weight of Iran is increasing day by day. According to some officials, the Saudis are considering the idea of operations in the South-East of Syria, possibly in order to support Jordanian forces.
Be that as it may, the foreign Minister of Saudi Arabia said that the special forces of Saudi Arabia and the UAE can intervene in the Syrian conflict only in the framework of operation under the leadership of the United States.
«Washington in any case, plans in the coming months to expand operations against ISIL in Syria,» the newspaper claims. It is possible to increase the supply of weapons to the moderate rebels. «The key task is to force Russia to pay a high price, but it’s hard to say how we would be able to achieve this», — said a senior European politician who is skeptical about the project of a truce.
«The Kurds have warned Turkey about the «big war» with Russia, if the Turkish troops will enter Syria,» — said in the Bloomberg headline. Russia has promised to protect Kurdish rebels in Syria in the event of a ground offensive, Turkey — a step that could lead to a «big war», as stated by the envoy of Syrian group in Moscow in an interview on Wednesday, the authors write Henry Meyer and Stepan Kravchenko.
«Turkey fears that the gains of the Kurds along its border will turn into an Autonomous state and Institute a similar ambitions among its own Kurdish minority. However, a ground invasion creates a risk of conflict with Russia, which is supporting the Kurds militarily, and infuriate the US, which considers the grouping an important ally in the fight against ISIL», — reports the edition.
Russia says it has Syrian Kurds with military assistance, and Nikolai Kovalev, the former head of the FSB, said that Russian planes will bomb Turkish troops if they enter in Syria, the article says.
Syrian Kurds are trying to create an Autonomous region in Northern Syria, uniting the two areas separated by about 100 km, controlled by the Islamists, according to independent Russian military analyst Anton Lavrov.
«This is a dream of the Syrian Kurds and the worst nightmare of the Turks», — said Lavrov.
InoPressa. Syria — an arena of confrontation between the great powers, where killed only Syrians 19.02.2016