InoPressa. Russian motives in the cacophony of trump

The first steps of the trump chaotic, reported in the media: the court forced him to re-open borders to Muslims, he contradicts himself on the issue of Israeli settlements and sends mixed signals to Moscow. In public, trump is courting Putin, but behind the scenes the US is preparing a war with the Kremlin on the propaganda front and looking for ways to embroil Russia with Iran. What about the principle of «first America» in the gas industry?

«American diplomacy is sinking into turmoil, writes journalist Les Echos Lucy Ramekin. At the end of last week, the administration trump changed direction on the main dossiers and suffered a serious blow to the immigration issue: the White house was forced to re-open borders to citizens of seven Muslim countries by the decision of a Federal judge from Seattle. The decree of Donald trump suspended throughout the United States,» the article says.

«In addition to this confusion the President in recent days has taken steps, in a strange way similar to those who have been… Barack Obama, journalist, Les Echos. The voice of the representatives of the USA to the UN, Nikki Haley, he made it known that sanctions against Russia will not be lifted until, while it will continue to destabilize Ukraine and does not withdraw its troops from Crimea».

In addition, «Donald trump, who sharply criticized his predecessor for what he has allowed a vote on a UN resolution against Israeli settlements, on Thursday again called torpor, exhorting Israel to cease such practices,» according to statea.

«Someone sees a «change of feet» the influence of Rex Tillerson: new Secretary of state wants to bring some sense to the diplomacy of the White house. Those who speak more critically rather see solid signs of improvisation on the part of the President and his Ministers, most of whom know nothing about the structure of state bodies», — writes Ramekin.

The administration of the trump looking for ways to destroy the military-diplomatic Alliance between Russia and Iran to simultaneously end the Syrian conflict and to strengthen the fight against «Islamic state» (banned in Russia. — Approx. ed.), the journalist writes The Wall Street Journal, Jay Solomon. The goal is to reconcile the seemingly contradictory promises trump to improve relations with the Russian President and is vigorously opposing the military presence of Iran in the middle East, saying senior officials from the White house, Europe and Arab countries.

The representative of the administration, trump said that the White house has no illusions regarding Russia and considers Putin «a member of the choir boys», despite the fact that this weekend trump again made conciliatory statements. «If Russia and Iran need to drive a wedge, we can find a way to do it,» said a senior official.

«This strategy does not give a full explanation coming from trump and his inner circle mixed messages on Moscow, which have alarmed US allies and has caught the Republican leadership in Congress, says Solomon. On Sunday, a few days after the US Ambassador to the UN Nikki Haley said that the outbreak of violence in the East of Ukraine requires «a clear and harsh condemnation of Russia’s actions,» Vice President Mike Pence has suggested that Washington may soon lift sanctions against Moscow if it will participate in the US’s fight against ISIS. The trump expressed his desire to improve relations with Putin in an interview aired Sunday before: he said that «to get on better with Russia than not.»

«To convince Putin to break off relations with Tehran will be extremely difficult, — the author continues. — The Obama administration has been trying to lure Russia out of the Alliance with Iran, especially in Syria, but the two countries only increased the intensity of military operations to strengthen the Damascus regime».

The Kremlin has talked about his desire to strengthen ties with the United States under the administration of the trump, but in recent months have signaled about their intention to continue to build cooperation with Iran, the author notes.

Perhaps the public President trump continues to Woo Putin, but behind the scenes the US is quietly preparing to declare an information war on Russia, writes Tim Mak in The Daily Beast. «The presidential campaign of 2016 has aroused the vigilance of the society in respect of information weapons, which can be very effective, the article says. — Starting with WikiLeaks and ending with RT, «Sputnik», the Russian government has tried to sow discord among Americans, according to a recent report by US intelligence».

Now, without fanfare, America is beginning to catch up with Russia, the journalist writes. Tens of millions of dollars aimed at combating the propaganda of Putin and other players on a national scale, but new initiatives will be implemented under the administration of trump? Will the White House use propaganda tools wisely and for legitimate purposes? The proximity of trump Putin puts it into question. It is also unclear whether it is a good idea to give Trump an additional propaganda tool, says Mac.

In the framework of a bipartisan initiative allocated $ 160 million for two years to combat the state propaganda using the little-known interagency structure that houses the state Department called the Global Engagement Center (GEC, «Center for global intervention»), according to the author. In addition, a bipartisan bill on anti-Russian sanctions proposed by senators Ben Cardin and John McCain will provide an additional $ 100 million for the work of GEC and other organizations «to support the objective language of journalism, the struggle with false news, and sponsorship of research in the information war,» the article says.

«Addressing directly about discourse and providing resources to local media and civil society to ensure that they could protect themselves from foreign manipulation, this law will help to support our allies and our interests in an increasingly unstable world,» the publication said Senator Rob Portman, one of the authors of the initiative.

According to estimates Alina Polyakova, Deputy Director of the Eurasia Center at the Atlantic Council, «Russia is spending at least $ 400 million a year on information war in the United States.»

«Russia does not need the promotion of any ideology, it is enough to exploit the differences that exist in the West, and the uncertainty of the West in its own values, what is true and what is not» — said in an interview with Donald Jensen from the Center for European policy analysis.

The US is practically out of the game in terms of anti-Russian information war, with the closing of United States Information Agency in 1999. «Resources devoted to counter-propaganda in recent years, focused more on the fight against jihadist propaganda,» the author writes.

«Our enemies use propaganda from abroad and misinformation against us and our allies, and while the US government is asleep at the wheel, — said Portman. — We need to legitimize the false discourse emanating from Russia, China and other countries, and to increase access to information based on facts.»

«In any case — concludes the author of the article, trump is well aware of the power of using «new media» such as social networking». As would say a friend of the President and well-known conspiracy theorist Alex Jones: there is a war for your minds.»

The gas pipeline «Nord stream-2», through which Russian gas will be delivered to Germany, largely affects the interests of the US, argues columnist for Die Welt, Daniel Wetzel. «We are talking about domination in the emerging global gas market, including whether there will be a new President loyal to American foreign policy in terms of the liberation of Europe from dependence on Russian gas supply», — stated in the article.

Moscow through the project tries «to cement its dominant role as the main supplier of gas for Europeans,» but this is contrary to the export interests of the rapidly growing American gas industry.

The growing popularity of the technology of gas liquefaction and sending liquefied natural gas (LNG) via tankers. If until now there were only the oil market, thanks to the LNG tankers formed a global gas market, says the author. And the United States play in this sphere the leading role: thanks to fracking, America has taken a leading position as the largest producer of shale gas.

«Revolution in the field of LNG, continues Wetzel, radically changes the rules of the game. Countries or regions that were previously associated with a particular supplier by pipeline, having a terminal for receiving liquefied natural gas, can choose from whom to buy energy». Poland and Lithuania are already weakened in this way, the dependence on Russian gas supplies.

Germany and the EU face a choice: is the part of the world LNG market, or more to associate themselves with the construction of a new pipeline with Russia — at a time when Moscow is pursuing an aggressive foreign policy. And here the economic «pros» and «cons» are inextricably linked with the political, the author notes.

In particular, last week in Berlin, the Chairman of the Board NAK «Naftogaz Ukraine» Andrew KOBOLEV, who accompanied the President, sounded the alarm: Moscow would give up the idea of the pipeline passing through the territory of Ukraine, once expected to be commissioned «Nord stream-2». Ukraine will lose «at least $ 2 billion a year» transit fees.

The new head of the US state Department Tillerson, is friendly-minded Moscow. Give US from its negative position on the «Nord stream-2»? Tillerson may lose reputation as a reliable business partner, if you abandon the course in energy foreign policy and its support of Ukraine.

«It might be, and would like new friends trump in the Kremlin, however, would have a negative impact on the export of American liquefied natural gas. Before trump gets a choice: «first of America» or a good relationship with Russia is to combine these two features in the gas issue will not happen» — summarizes the author.

Translation InoPressa




InoPressa. Russian motives in the cacophony of trump 06.02.2017

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