The world wildlife Fund and the Union for the conservation of nature and biodiversity Germany urged Chancellor Angela Merkel and other German politicians to stop gas pipeline project «Nord stream – 2″. Their open letter to the participants of the negotiations on the formation of the coalition government of Germany, published on 11 January on the website of WWF.
According to environmentalists, the pipeline «Nord stream – 2» is a dead end for climate policy, and will threaten the fragile ecosystem of the Baltic sea. In addition, according to environmental organizations, the pipeline «drives a wedge» between the countries of the European Union.
The authors of the letter warn that the gas pipe laid on the seabed for over 70 km to traverse five protected areas. Environmentalists argue that the pipeline construction will disturb the existing ecosystem.
If Germany would support the «Nord stream – 2», it will jeopardize its leading role in combating climate change and nature protection of the seas, will complicate the achievement of the goal to abandon fossil fuels by 2050, set in the Paris climate agreement, according to environmentalists. It will also call into question the further development of democracy in Europe, said in the letter.
According to environmentalists, the project will not contribute to the diversification of supply sources in Europe’s energy, but «I’m sealing the» long-term dependence on Russian gas and thus slow down the German reform in the energy sector.
Environmentalists demand review of the approval procedure of the project, taking into account already committed violations, lack of public discussion and «non-transparent relations German politicians with the project.»
The project «Northern stream – 2», headed by former German Chancellor Gerhard Schroeder, involves the construction of two pipelines with a total capacity of 55 billion m3 of gas per year from Russia to Germany under the Baltic sea. The existing gas pipeline «Nord stream» consists of two strings with a length of 1224 km with a capacity of 27.5 billion m3 each, Gazprom began deliveries on this gas pipeline in 2012.
In December 2015, the President of the European Council Donald Tusk said that the project of the second turn of the pipeline «Nord stream» does not correspond to the energy regulations of the EU (Third energy package) and undermining Ukraine’s role as gas transit country.
In March 2016, eight EU countries (Hungary, Latvia, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Czech Republic, Estonia and Lithuania) signed a letter to the European Commission to protest against the gas pipeline project. At the same time, its construction support Germany, France, Austria and the Netherlands, writes «Deutsche Welle».
The President of Ukraine Petro Poroshenko said on 25 June 2017, «Nord stream – 2» is a very serious threat for Ukraine. He noted that the goal of the project is to deprive Ukraine of $2 billion that it receives for the transit of gas.
European Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker said in October that the EU has no unanimous agreement regarding the negotiations with Russia on the «Nord stream – 2».
Environmental organizations called on Merkel to stop the project «Northern stream – 2» 12.01.2018