Amendments to the Polish law on the Institute of national remembrance, which relate to criminal punishment for denial of the crimes of Ukrainian nationalists, was intended to create tension in Ukrainian-Polish relations. In an interview with «UKRINFORM» said the Polish scientist, Advisor to the Minister of foreign Affairs of Poland przemysław żurawski vel Graevskaya.
On the remark of the journalist that in Poland «often heard the opinion that here has not done without «hands of Moscow», Graevskaya said, «There are serious concerns that it does.» According to him, it was the experts who drafted the document and its contents.
Adviser to the head of the Polish foreign Ministry noted that the law is historical inaccuracies.
«First, the time frame of the activities of Ukrainian nationalists in the years 1925-1950, referred to in the law, have no meaning for Polish-Ukrainian relations. In 1925 and in the following years nothing happened in the relations between Ukrainians and poles. But this year is a turning point in approaches to the actions of the Soviet secret police against Ukrainians in the West. But 1950 is the death of Shukhevych (chief of the Ukrainian insurgent army Roman Shukhevych. – «GORDON»), although the Polish-Ukrainian conflict ended in 1947, and then in relations between Nations there was no fight,» – said the analyst.
He stressed that the time frame specified in the act, «emphasize that the Soviet and Russian actions, not Polish or Ukrainian».
«If the law is there mention of the Ukrainian nationalists, who were collaborators of the Third Reich, and then specify the time frame 1925-1950 year, it is a mockery of the Polish legislator, because the Third Reich existed in the years 1933-1945, and in 1925-1933, and the 1945-1950 years, no one could with him collabrasuite, because then it was not. In addition, the amendment questioned the legal order in the second Polish Republic (1918-1939), since the crimes of the Ukrainian nationalists committed during this period, was not a crime of genocide, but only crimes of genocide have no Statute of limitations. Therefore, for crimes committed in the period up to 1939, no one can be prosecuted, after all, has long expired their Statute of limitations,» said Graevskaya.
In addition, the analyst noted that the law says only about the crimes of Ukrainian nationalists.
«Why no mention of the crimes on the territory of Poland nationalists and collaborators of other nationalities? In Poland in this period there were military units of the Vlasov army, the legions of the East, such as Azerbaijan that was suppressing the Warsaw uprising, acted Lithuanian nationalists and the like. That is, it would be worthwhile to create a list of various national military forces who had collaborated with the Third Reich and perpetrated these crimes on the territory of Poland,» he said.
According to him, the fact that the law refers only to the Ukrainians, it was «obvious political motivation».
«His goal is to create tension in Polish-Ukrainian relations, which was made in violation of Polish law. Therefore, the piece of law we’re talking about is legal, historical, moral and political mistake,» said Graevskaya.
However, he believes that the law on the protection of the good name of Poland the country was needed.
On January 26, the Polish Sejm voted for the amendment of the act on the Institute of national remembrance. They stipulate criminal punishment for public accusations of Poland in the crimes committed during the Holocaust, the complicity of Nazi Germany, war crimes or crimes against humanity. Do not use the phrase «Polish death camp» when describing the concentration camps existed on the territory of German-occupied Poland.
Also the law establishes criminal liability for the denial of the participation of Ukrainian nationalists and members of Ukrainian organizations who collaborated with the German Third Reich, crimes against the poles in the years 1925-1950.
Any citizen or alien who has violated these rules, be sentenced to pay a fine or to imprisonment for a period up to three years. An exception is made for artistic works and scientific debate.
On the night of February 1, the bill approved by the Polish Senate.
The foreign Ministry of Israel said that the law «disputes the historical truth.» The U.S. state Department urged Warsaw to review the document. In the OSCE considered that the law restricts freedom of expression.
The Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine adopted a statement condemning «the attempts of the Polish side to equate the actions of all of the fighters for independence of Ukraine to the crimes of two totalitarian regimes of the twentieth century – the Nazi and Communist».
6 February the President of Poland Andrzej Duda signed the document and sent it to the constitutional court to check whether it restricts freedom of speech and belief.
Advisor to the foreign Minister of Poland: «the Ukrainian» a fragment of the amendments to the law on the Institute of naramata – legal, historical, moral and political mistake 29.03.2018