Another escalation in the Donbas has provoked the outrage of Western politicians, who condemned the violation of silence regime in the town and urged Russia to adhere to Minsk agreements. In addition, on the night of Sunday, 5 February on this subject was a conversation between the Ukrainian President and the leader of the United States Donald trump.
Ceasefire violations in the area of Avdeevka (the Donetsk region) began on January 29. Yesterday the head of the Donetsk military and civil administration Pavel Zhebrivsky reported on 179 residential homes that suffered for a week. Only for Saturday, February 4, according to the ATO staff, militants almost 40 times violated the silence regime using a prohibited second «Minsk» mortars and «Grad». Thus, according to Zhebrivskyi, the city was left only 250 people (according to various estimates, the current population of the Town is 12-15 thousand). It is this situation special attention was given to Poroshenko during his night with trump.
The conversation between the two leaders took place in the night of Sunday, 5 February (Kyiv time) and lasted about an hour.
«We will work with Ukraine, Russia and all stakeholders to help them to restore peace along the Ukrainian-Russian border», — said trump during a conversation.
According to the press-Secretary of Ukrainian President Svyatoslav Tsegolkoin the United States gave to understand that conflict is not civil, and the Russian Federation is a party to the conflict. For his part, Poroshenko raised the issue of settlement of the situation in the Donbass, and especially in the plant.
Ambassador of Ukraine to the United States Valeriy Chaly on his page in Facebook said that the conversation went constructive and had a trusting nature: «Contact leaders become systemic. This is a great bilateral and geopolitical work. Trust is mutual, and this is important».
The political scientist Vladimir Fesenko considers that the last telephone conversation is important for two reasons. First, the communication of the Ukrainian leader with previous US President Barack Obama was mainly limited to personal meetings at international forums and during working visits and telephone calls remained the Vice-President of USA Joe Biden. The expert also recalled that trump and Poroshenko already communicated in November. Then, we recall, was the first to raise questions of the annexation of Crimea and the fighting in the Donbass.
«Secondly, very important is the fact that the second round of telephone negotiations occurred at the initiative of the American President. All this testifies to the direct contact between them,» added the analyst.
Note that the presidents discussed potential meeting in the future. Fesenko adds that the visit of our leader in the States is already actively preparing.
«It can happen at the end of February, and if it is, then, of course, trump will meet with Poroshenko earlier than with Putin. It has its own benefits. I recall that in the last round of telephone conversations trump phoned first with Merkel, and then with the leader of the Russian Federation. This fact suggests whose information it takes into account, to then negotiate with Putin,» concluded Fesenko.
Among other Western politicians, referring to the performances of the Ukraine and the Town in particular, were UN delegates. We will remind that in the night from Thursday to Friday, SS 2 on February 3, a meeting of the security Council of the organization, the Central theme of which were fighting in our country.
«We call on Russia to use its influence on separatists», — said the permanent representative of France to the UN Francois Delattr.
His position was supported by the delegate from great Britain Matthew Rycrofthave expressed distrust to the statements coming from Russia. They were supported by the representatives of Italy, Denmark, China, Egypt and Senegal. Ambassador to USA , Nikki Haley said that the sanctions in respect of Crimea will be in effect until Russia will regain control over the Peninsula to Ukraine.
However, an expert on international Affairs Andrew Buzarov doubt that many statements at the UN level as it would seriously affect the situation in Ukraine.
«The UN limits its involvement in the conflict the only solution to the humanitarian issues,» he said.
In turn, people’s Deputy from BPP and a member of the Committee on foreign Affairs Vladimir Aryev said that BP now has a draft appeal to the international organizations, the EU in General and the leaders of the countries-members of the Commonwealth in particular: «This will be very useful for Ukraine, but now the most important thing that needs to be done through diplomatic channels, to establish contacts with the new US administration, which is very sensitive to events in the Donbas.»
During a conversation with Russian foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov, EU high representative for foreign Affairs and security policy Federica Mogherini pointed to the need to cease hostilities. Also according to her, the last word on the issue of sanctions will be Washington and Brussels. It is already yesterday in the Western media, which relied on four unnamed representatives of the European Union, there is information on the extension of sanctions. In particular, the EU plans to extend the freezing of assets and prohibit visiting Europe for the main allies of Putin, writes Ilya Trebor in the article «trump the UN and the EU: the reaction of the world to the aggravation of the country» in the newspaper «Today».
It should be noted that the message of the office of the press Secretary the White house this conversation was much shorter. In particular, it stated the following: «the President of the United States Donald trump already had a good conversation with President of Ukraine Petro Poroshenko, which covered a variety of topics, including the long conflict between Russia and Ukraine.
«We will work with Ukraine, Russia and other involved parties to help restore peace along the border», — the President said trump.
Also discussed was the possibility of a meeting in the near future.»
One of the American commentators Julian, Berger called it the message is quite strange: «a Strange message about trump’s conversation with Poroshenko, as if the conflict concerns a border dispute between Russia and Ukraine and does not mention that Ukraine is at war».
It should be noted that the same day the President of the United States Donald trump in an interview with the American Fox News channel, spoke about his vision of relations with Russia.
In particular here’s what he said about the Russian President Vladimir Putin: «I respect him. I respect many people, but this does not mean that I have good relations with them». After he called Putin a «murderer», trump said, «Murderers are many. We also have a lot of murderers. Do you think that our country is so innocent?» Donald trump then added that the US would be better off if relations with Russia were good: «I Think that Russia is better to be friends than Vice versa.»
«If Russia is helping us fight ISIS, and this is a big struggle, and with Islamic terrorism throughout the world, it’s good,» added the US President.
This fragment of the interview sparked a wave of comments in social networks. In particular, former U.S. Ambassador to Russia Michael McFaul reacted to the words of trump: «Mr. President, why do you respect someone who destroyed democracy in Russia, annexed land in Ukraine and interfere in our elections? Why?»
The former Ambassador said later in his Twitter: «Mr. President, our soldiers didn’t commit to carpet bombing cities. We don’t kill critics of the government, will review Google: Grozny, Aleppo, Nemtsov, Litvinenko«.
This explanation is trump against Putin sparked outrage from Senator Bob Portman, who wrote on Twitter: «Contrary to the misinformation mentioned here Russia is responsible for violence in Ukraine. Russia annexed the Crimea and invaded Eastern Ukraine.»
Hanna hopko, Chairperson of the Verkhovna Rada Committee on foreign Affairs: «first, it is well that such a conversation took place in the second week after his inauguration. We have had a series of conversations with Merkel, Hollande, Putin, Abe. In addition, in the first week of the visit of the British Prime Minister Theresa may in Washington. On the second week we saw the telephone calls trump with NATO Secretary General, Prime Minister of Italy, as well as with the Ukrainian President. The US President confirmed his visit to Italy at the G7 summit, its position on NATO in conversation with Stoltenberg. It is also important that the White house has called a very good telephone conversation trump with Poroshenko.
Secondly, the key in this conversation it was agreed on the meeting that Washington will go to the Minister of foreign Affairs Pavlo Klimkin to discuss the details of the visit. And I think the biggest result of the telephone conversation that Ukraine will not talk outside of Ukraine, as the us tried to impose on Russia.
Thirdly, it is important that the conversation sounded a word of protracted conflict between Ukraine and Russia and that the United States will work together with Ukraine and Russia to help restore peace along the Russian-Ukrainian border. It is very good that Americans remember about their obligations. It is a pity that there is no mention of the Crimea. But before that, we heard the conversation of the White house, which confirmed that the U.S. permanent representative to the UN, Nikki Haley, in his statement condemning the Russian aggression against Ukraine and the words that the sanctions against the Crimea will continue until Russia will not return the Peninsula to Ukraine, expressed the position of the trump.
All of the above suggests that the Ukrainian question — the conflict with Russia — it is necessary to solve with Ukraine as a subject of negotiations and not outside of it. Now the main challenge facing Ukraine is seriously preparing for this meeting with trump. Prior to that, I think, will be meeting with the Vice-President of Pensions at the Munich conference on security issues. We need to ensure that we not only had the Pens as Biden previously, and the President trump had a clear vision and did not occupy the position of an ostrich, like Obama, who was afraid to go to Ukraine and actively participated in the negotiations on the resolution of the conflict with Russia. Therefore, we must go with the specific package solutions, with our clear «red lines» and clear vision as the subject, we never agreed to Merkel and other leaders. We must show the will of the Ukrainian people agreed position of the political elites, is that we played as one national team. Thus, for this meeting we must prepare, but also our vision for a peaceful settlement in the East, the de-occupation of Crimea, it is very important to accelerate the pace of reforms, strengthen its position on internal transformations to disagreements among the political elites don’t weaken our negotiating position.
So next week the Parliament should start working with a clear progress in key areas that are of interest to Americans, to show that it will operate the rule of law, investment will be protected. For this we need to continue the judicial reform, some changes in the Constitution a little, strengthen anti-corruption measures, to provide NABOO independence in listening, to update the composition of the Central election Commission and audit chamber».
Nicholas Beleskov, an analyst at the Institute of world policy, Kiev: «First of all it should be noted that a telephone conversation between Petro Poroshenko and Donald trump is a landmark event. As was finally refuted the idea that the basis of U.S. policy toward Ukraine under the new head of the White House will be the place for support (which in fact was not) another candidate during the presidential race of 2016.
It is significant that the us message about the conversation much shorter than what was published by the presidential Administration of Ukraine. However, nothing surprising in this, because the nature of the relations Ukraine — US asymmetrical: we are much more dependent on the us policy on key issues, rather than Vice versa. Therefore, the Administration of President tried as much as possible to convey the essence of the conversation, while the White House has described the key question of Ukrainian-Russian war. And, in fact, in this respect, a telephone conversation between the presidents of Ukraine and the United States February 4, 2017 can be considered a turning point, as Russia was clearly named as a party to the conflict. In addition, it was about «the restoration of peace on the border». We can assume that behind these formulations is the idea that without establishing Ukraine’s effective control over the border no peace not only on the border but throughout the Donbass will not be — what, in fact, consistently said the official Kiev. The message on the website of the President of Ukraine also confirms that the main issue during the discussion was the settlement of the conflict in the East.
There is also no doubt that Petro Poroshenko and Donald trump discussed the situation escalation of the situation kind of Avdiivka, as President of the US constantly about this report, as confirmed this week, press Secretary of the President of the United States Sean Spicer. In addition, thanks to the President of Ukraine for support of the territorial integrity and sovereignty by the new head of the United States is justified. The already mentioned Sean Spicer also stated that the words of the US Ambassador to the UN, Nikki Haley that can’t be a question of lifting sanctions against Russia until full restoration of Ukraine’s sovereignty, the official position of the U.S. government. Also interesting is the moment that the President talked about strengthening economic ties «to create new jobs and growth of welfare of citizens of the two countries». Thus Ukraine is trying to fit into the economic dimension of the policy of America First proclaimed by Donald trump. Moreover, today Boris Lozhkin is already working on a package of economic proposals from the Ukraine, that would be interesting to US.
Justified is also eager to meet the leaders of Ukraine and the United States, as was also mentioned. Thus, the official Kiev will be able again to convey its position on key issues ahead of a possible summit trump — Putin».
Lilia Shevtsova, Russian political scientist and publicist, Moscow: «O’reilly, apparently, had in mind the tweet of Senator McCain, in which he wrote that a prominent Russian oppositionist Vladimir Kara-Murza was again on the verge of life and death in Moscow. Indeed, there is a suspicion that he was poisoned. McCain, in his usual manner pointed out the Russian President as responsible for the possible attempt on the life of Kara-Murza. Trump’s response is to be expected within the model that today he chose against Russia and the Kremlin. Trump confirms that he sees Russia as an ally in implementing his foreign policy agenda: the fight against international terrorism (and in fact with Islam!) and the neutralization of China and Iran. All that would interfere with his plans, it is discarded. For his «existential» shake the world order for which it seeks partners, it doesn’t matter. So we see predictable trump!»
John Hurst, President of the Eurasian center Dean Patrice the American Council, former U.S. Ambassador to Ukraine, Washington: «the Phone call between presidents Poroshenko and trump were good. As well as the conversation between trump and Yulia Tymoshenko. They both gave Trump the opportunity to look at the war of Russia in Ukraine, to learn something and to make statements about the U.S. position, which is moving in the right political direction. But his understanding is incomplete and U.S. policy is not clear or, at least, not the way it was supposed to be.
As for trump’s statements about Putin. He seems like Trump, who respects him. But trump doesn’t want to see Putin for what he is, really. There’s also a place for better understanding», writes Nicholas Ciroc in the article «Critical phone call» in the newspaper «Day».
Meanwhile, five days in a row invaders will not cease shelling Avdiivka near Donetsk. The Russian system «Grad» enemy applies not only in this area, but also in Mariupol. Defenders of Ukraine continue heroically to repel the attack of insurgents, however under a hail of mines and shells killed two Ukrainian military, another 20 were injured last Wednesday, February 1, and on the night of Thursday, February 2.
«The soldiers and officers were killed, reflecting one of the morning attacks of the enemy in the vicinity of the Town. One soldier was wounded under Popasnaya, four of our soldiers were wounded at the position of «mine Butovka» during the brutal shelling from enemy guns and mortars», — said the representative of the defense Ministry ATO Alexander Motuzyanik.
He adds that all other fighters were injured in the industrial area of the Town. The heroism of our soldiers is understandable, because almost every day some residents of the city of tears asking them «not to take Avdeevka». Therefore, our soldiers, feeling that support, know who they’re protecting the city.
«The enemy does not leave attempts to move into the plant, as well as looking for weaknesses in our defense hard and uses heavy weapons under Popasnaya, under the plant, on part of the front the position of «mine Butovka» — Peski, Krasnogorovka, Odessa and the Azov sea,» says Col.
The interior Ministry added that since the beginning of the escalation of the conflict in the town killed one and injured eight civilians, 78 damaged buildings (mostly private houses and shops). However the final information to the interior Ministry promise to provide after careful documentation of all facts of the attacks.
If Wednesday night the enemy beat on the plant «grad», on Thursday morning, with heavy artillery caliber of 122 mm and 152 and tanks. The impotent rage of the invaders was clear: according to the chief of police of the Donetsk region Vyacheslav Abroskin, for 1 Feb 26 militants were killed and another 60 were injured.
The militants «DNR» block the resumption of the Donetsk filtering station, preventing the access of the patrol of the OSCE mission in the occupied Yasinovataya. The Deputy head of the OSCE mission in Ukraine Alexander hug and observers could get there only on Thursday.
In the city of Avdeevka «the situation partially stabilized», because the State service of emergency situations reports that as of 8:00 a.m. February 2, at the apartments in Avdeevka maintain the temperature of 15-17 degrees Celsius due to the factory teploenergotsentrali, the water is fed on schedule from a pool and brought water, electricity is still there.
On Thursday morning the terrorists «DNR» shelled and residential sector of the city of Marinka, on the Mariupol direction. Therefore, some houses burned down, while rescuers and police evacuated children from the local school.
At the same time, the soldiers of the 30th brigade reported to media that the rebels on Wednesday night fired controlled their village Novolaspa near Volnovakha.
«The boundaries of cynicism there is no enemy. During monitoring video from surveillance cameras that are exposed in the direction of the Border (the area of our Starognatovki), it was discovered the release of ordnance from jet system of volley fire «Hail», we do not control the territory. Later our positions in the area of Starohnativka was fired from mortars 120 caliber. The impression is that the enemy deliberately shelling its territory, to have a reason to carry out the shelling of our positions», — stated in the message referred to in the article «the plant will not surrender» in the newspaper «young Ukraine».
6 Feb. Press review. The plant is not allowed to turn in second Aleppo: trump and Poroshenko are preparing a meeting, UN scolds Russia 06.02.2017