January 16 was held the sixth visit to Ukraine of Vice-President USA Joe Biden, officially a politician came to meet with Ukrainian leaders to Express their support and celebrate the 25th anniversary of the establishment of diplomatic relations between the two countries. For Biden this visit is the latest in the status of Vice-President — this Friday, after the inauguration of new US President Donald trump, the end of the term Biden in the part of the administration of Barack Obama.
Biden’s plane landed at the airport «Borispol» it is still dark. The ladder policy was met by the representatives of the Ukrainian Ministry of foreign Affairs with the city mayor Vitali Klitschko. Not without the traditional loaf. Immediately after this policy went to meetings with the first persons of Ukraine: first Prime Minister Volodymyr Groysman, and then with President Poroshenko. Reception in the Cabinet early in the morning was held behind closed doors and was attended by the first Deputy Prime Minister and head of the Ministry Stepan Kubiv, Finance Minister Alexander danyluk, the Minister of the Cabinet of Ministers Oleksandr Saenko and US Ambassador to Ukraine, Marie Yovanovitch. Further, U.S. policy has already honored the President on Bankova street, but even there, the meeting was closed Petro Poroshenko and Joe Biden was limited only to a joint statement.
Vice-President of the United States in his farewell speech praised reforms, including cooperation with the IMF, the nationalization of «PrivatBank», the launch of e-Declaration, the work of the NABU and SAP. In addition, Biden urged Ukrainians, in spite of all «steps» of the Russian Federation, to keep the faith in the Minsk process as the only solution to the conflict in the Donbas. «Americans, including nearly 1 million Americans of Ukrainian descent, understand that your success depends on many things, not only for Ukrainians, but also for Europe and the United States. I hope that a future US administration will also be your fan and partner in your further progress. But you know: no one can do the heavy work instead of you,» said Biden.
According to political scientist Vadim Karasev, the main purpose of Biden’s visit — to reiterate the importance of implementing the Minsk agreements, «the statement read between the lines: perform «Minsk», vote laws, and everything will be fine. Because, unlike the Obama administration, which took patronage over Ukraine after the Maidan, the administration has to trump emotional attachment.»
But according to political analyst Vladimir Fesenko, the visit is purely symbolic — it is a tribute to Ukraine. «Biden and U.S. leadership in this way — in the form of a farewell visit to confirm that Ukraine has been and remains a priority of American policy. Rather, the Trump signal that cooperation should continue,» — said political analyst Volodymyr Fesenko.
However, his colleague Taras Berezovets believes that the reasons of Biden’s visit to Ukraine three: «the First is to summarize the work of the informal Commission, Poroshenko and Biden. The second — the transfer of the Ukrainian case your changer in the White house, Mike Pence. Pence is known for his uncompromising stance against Russia, and advocated the provision of a larger package of assistance to Ukraine. And the third is Joe Biden plans to take part in the election race of the United States in 2020. So he leaves for the future the most important cases of his Vice-presidency. Ukrainian — among the main».
Also in his official statement, Joe Biden has not paid attention to the sanctions against Russia: «Together with our partners from the EU and the «Big seven» we are given to understand that the sanctions must act before Russia fully emphasize fully, complied with its obligations under Minsk. According to him, the sanctions associated with the Crimea, should be preserved, while Russia will not return it to Ukraine. Recall that two days earlier «farewell gift» to the Kremlin made the outgoing Barack Obama has extended sanctions against Russia. However, the new President trump had already cast a doubt on it, saying that sanctions will leave it for some time, but are willing to exchange them for a reduction of the nuclear Arsenal. This writes Irina krikunenko the article «Biden bye-bye: why comrade Obama came to Ukraine» in the newspaper «Today».
For two terms tenure as the second most powerful man in the US administration — is the sixth, and after Euromaidan — fifth visit of Biden to Ukraine. During his 13-minute statement to the press, Biden largely reiterated the points of the speech in the Verkhovna Rada on 8 December 2015, when he urged people’s representatives and government officials do not lose the chance which was opened by the Revolution of Dignity.
«For anybody not a secret that Russia doesn’t want you to succeed. This concerns not only Ukraine but also the future we have long sought, whole, free and peaceful Europe that the national interests of the US and all Europeans. Your determination and the will not to obey the compulsion, your success as a liberal democracy is very important for the realization of this goal. I urge Ukrainians continue to demonstrate your commitment to the rule of law, continue to fight against corruption and insist on transparency, and investigate and punish government officials who used public funds for their own enrichment,» said Biden.
«Mr. President, asked the American Vice-President of Petro Poroshenko, continue to progress, continue to work hard and make difficult choices that the Ukrainians were in the first place, I promise that the American people will support you.»
In addition, the Vice-President noted that in recent decades, Russia is using in its foreign policy corruption as a tool of influence to keep Ukraine vulnerable. «So please continue reforms aimed at eradicating corruption. And here it is not only good governance, but self-preservation and this applies directly to your national security,» warned Biden. He repeated the Obama administration’s position that sanctions against Russia should stay until such time as it does not fulfill its obligations under the Minsk agreements, and that, in particular, sanctions against Russia connected with the Crimea, should remain, while Russia does not return Crimea to Ukraine and that the political part of the agreement cannot be implemented until the violence stops from the Russian Federation.
«Vice President Biden said about the need for such motivation for Ukrainian politicians, the opposition in particular, as a public good. No party ratings and personal interests and the public good. I think many politicians do not understand what it is at all,» — wrote on his Facebook page expert Olesya yahno-bilkivs’ka.
Despite the support of the United States Kyiv, in the Ukrainian direction they suffered a certain defeat. USA was unable to stop Russian aggression — Ukraine has lost territorial integrity, there was the occupation by the Kremlin of the Crimea and part of Donbass. Moreover, Russia, despite the imposition of sanctions, continues aggression in the East of the country, which claimed the lives of more than 10 thousand Ukrainians. The Obama administration has not provided Ukraine with lethal weapons that could stop the Russian aggression, or at least to inflict significantly more losses Russian troops.
Washington, like the other guarantors, and has not fulfilled the Budapest Memorandum, which in exchange for the surrender of the third largest nuclear Arsenal in the world was to ensure Ukraine’s territorial integrity and sovereignty. And as you see in the camp of the Republicans, particularly newly elected President Donald trump, the annexation of Crimea and the Russian aggression in the Donbas happened because of the demonstration of the weakness of Obama’s relationship with Russian leader Vladimir Putin and his inability to resort to the use of force. Because of what happened and the other big failure of the United States from which Americans today came away with nothing that has a huge impact on Europe, where, in particular, gushed a large flow of refugees.
Also unclear is the exit of Washington from the «Geneva format», which was created to resolve the conflict in the Donbass, and Obama’s transfer resolve this problem, the Europeans (Germany and France) in the so-called «Norman format.» «The Geneva format», recall, consisted of U.S., EU, Ukraine and Russia in which Washington could put more pressure on the Kremlin.
Apparently, chance was the response of the American Vice-Premier Biden — «hope dies last!» on emergency rules a question from journalists after the briefing, in Kiev, what will be Ukraine’s relations with the new US administration, writes Mykola SIRUK the article «Biden: Think about the public good!» in the newspaper «Day».
Biden still made a few statements on camera. In particular, he expressed the hope that the trump will support Ukraine, and also noted that anti-Russian sanctions should last until until Russia will not return Crimea to Ukraine and will not take troops from the Donbass. Also, the American Vice-President encouraged Ukraine to intensify the fight against corruption and to bring to justice officials who squander public funds.
Political experts believe that Biden’s visit really was not a farewell. MP of Ukraine, member of Verkhovna Rada Committee on preventing and combating corruption Sergei Leshchenko suggests that Biden’s arrival — perhaps it is some sentiment in Ukraine. «He actually resigned. This can be a visit of nostalgia. And the desire to demonstrate again support. The status of a person who has no effect in the Presidential administration. He remains a major political figure, his support is important and useful,» — said the MP.
«He was really involved in the Ukrainian question. Was responsible for the Ukraine has always demonstrated support for anti-corruption reforms. But the question business interests Biden’s son remains a white spot. See, his son continues to work in the company Burisma, a partner of which is Zlochevsky, Minister of the times of Yanukovych. During one of the meetings – even before the deputies asked Biden about the business of the son. The answer was everything, but not about this,» — said Leshchenko.
In turn, the political analyst Sergey Taran says: what exactly do not now have Biden in Ukraine’s business interests. If they were, he would have waited until the completion of its powers, the inauguration of the new President, and would arrive as a private person. In America so seriously, and because public funds for their own interest, he would never come.
«This visit is that it is important for him to testify in front of Ukraine’s continuity of American foreign policy, — the expert explains. And in the world, and in Ukraine there are so many worries about predictability, and predictability of US policy with the new President. In fact, it is very important that right now Biden has arrived in Ukraine and is worried how to give the Ukrainian business, to continue with the support given by it and the United States since the Obama.»
MP of Ukraine, Chairman of Verkhovna Rada Committee on foreign Affairs Anna hopko said that Biden will remain an influential figure in the American establishment with hundreds of contacts among congressmen, representatives of international organizations. On different platforms – at Davos, at the Munich security conference – he will be able to communicate, knowing the real situation in Ukraine: in the East, in the context of de-occupation of the Crimea, transformations of the state. Biden, remember, sought Shokin fired from the post of Prosecutor General clearly articulated that it is necessary to demonstrate real reform.
«The visit of Biden is another reminder that the time plays against Ukraine. And it is necessary to demonstrate real achievements, especially in terms of our rapprochement with NATO. Had today a meeting with Michael carpenter, who once was an adviser to Biden. He is now at the Pentagon, and also leaving his post. He clearly says that Ukraine needs to demonstrate real progress, public and parliamentary control over the defence sector, the embodiment of the best of Western standards,» she says.
Hopko notes that amid all the scenarios of surrender that we are trying to impose such as Viktor Pinchuk and many others, it is very important to have voices that will say these scenarios have nothing in common with the world, it’s a big war. Write about it Gorchinskaya Alexander, Julia Artamoshina in «the Last visit. Why Biden came to Kiev» in the edition «New time».
17 Jan. Press review. Why Biden went to Kiev 17.01.2017